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Did God Allow Noah To Eat Meat?

The passage of Genesis 9:2-4 was the subject of great debate and controversy. After years of study and research and virtually leaving no stone unturned on the subject, to date I have not read a commentary on the passage which is worthy of a serious consideration. Generally it is argued that here we have the first biblical passage where God explicitly told Noah that he may kill any animal he wanted to in order to eat its flesh. Even vegetarians who abhor meat eating and who practice vegetarianism on ethical grounds admit that here we are faced with a biblical text which clearly sanctions the killing of animals and eating of their flesh. All they can say is that due to the fallen and corrupt nature of humanity God gave a “concession” concerning meat diet but it was not His ideal as in Genesis 1:30 where God ideally prescribed a completely vegetarian diet. But nothing can be further from the truth.

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Did Jesus Eat Fish?

 There is only one passage in the whole of the New Testament where it is explicitly and specifically said that Jesus actually ate meat. If this text is true and genuine and in fact inspired by the Holy Spirit, then it would follow that Jesus was not and could not have been a vegetarian. But if on the other hand it can be satisfactorily demonstrated that this passage in Luke 24 is actually a forgery, then it follows that Jesus must have been a vegetarian, since a lying hand felt a need to insert a lying passage in order to portray Jesus as a carnivorous being.

SACRIFICIAL CULT - Absolute Proof God did not Institute It PDF Print E-mail
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Saturday, 10 September 2011 07:44

The Mosaic Law is replete with injunctions, ordinances and commands which were to regulate a sacrificial system. These commands and laws concerning the bloody sacrificial cult were supposedly given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai. I am a vegan and I maintain that God never gave these commands and that these laws were later interpolated and written by the lying scribes. The Church on the other hand maintains that every word in the Mosaic Law is inspired and was actually commanded by God and written down by His servant Moses. Therefore in this article I intend to give irrefutable evidence and absolute proof that these passages in the Mosaic Law were not originally spoken by God nor were they a part of the original writings of Moses. They are later forgeries and false pericopes by the lying scribes.


In order to prove my point and demonstrate beyond refute that the sacrificial cult was no part of the Book of the Law Moses wrote, it is necessary to demonstrate to the reader certain facts which will prove that the priests did not and could not have dealt with all those injunctions and ordinances which were to regulate the sacrificial cult in the desert. Let us begin with the text of Leviticus 17. Here we are told that every sacrifice which the Israelites offered to God had to be brought to the altar which was situated at the entrance of the Tabernacle. The priests alone were allowed to officiate at the altar. They were to slaughter the victim and sprinkle the blood against the altar. Then they were to burn the fat for a “pleasing aroma to Yahweh.” 


In Leviticus 4:11-12 we are told that whenever a sin offering was made by the priest, which was a daily and constant service “the skin of the bullock, and all his flesh,…even the whole bullock shall he [the priest] carry forth WITHOUT THE CAMP unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood of fire” [Leviticus 4:11-12]. The Tabernacle or the Tent of Meeting was situated in the MIDST OF THE CAMP. The bullock was to be slaughtered on the altar which was situated at the entrance of the Tabernacle and then it was to be carried by a priest to a place OUTSIDE of the CAMP. In order to visualise this incredible scenario in the impossibility of this, it is necessary to demonstrate to the reader just how large the camping ground was and how far the bullock had to be carried. Please carefully read all evidence presented since this will prove beyond refute that the commands in the Mosaic Law concerning sacrifices and offerings were not and could not have been given by God nor were they performed in the desert.


How Large Was The Crowd

The Jewish Pentateuch says that at the time of exodus from Egypt there were 603,550 men alone. Please note Exodus 12:37:

“The Israelites set out on foot from Rameses for Sukkoth. There were about 600,000men, not counting women and children.”

This number is also confirmed in Numbers 11:21:

"And Moses said, the people, among whom I am, are 600,000 men on foot.”

The census taken in the wilderness, in the 2nd year from the date of exodus, confirms that there were actually 603,550 male soldiers who were 20 years and over. Numbers 1:45-47 says: 

“So all who were of the children of Israel, by their fathers’ houses, from TWENTY YEARS AND ABOVE, all who were able to go to war in Israel - all who were numbered were SIX HUNDRED AND THREE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED AND FIFTY. But the Levites were not numbered.”

That this figure is correct can be verified by the text of Exodus 38:25-26:

 “And the silver from those who were numbered of the congregation was ONE HUNDRED TALENTS and ONE THOUSAND SEVEN HUNDRED AND SEVENTY FIVE SHEKELS, according to the shekel of the sanctuary: a bekah for each man [that is, half a shekel, according to the shekel of the sanctuary], for everyone included in the numbering from twenty years old and above, for SIX HUNDRED AND THREE THOUSAND, FIVE HUNDRED AND FIFTY MEN.”

There were 3000 shekels to a talent. Therefore 100 talents and 1,775 shekels comes to exactly 603,550 half shekels:

3,000 x 100 = 600,000 half shekels

1,775 shekels = 3,550 half shekels

600,000 + 3,550 = 603,550


When 22,000 Levites who were later counted, and all the women and children are included, as well as all those males who were outside of conscription age - the Israelites must have numbered about THREE MILLION in all. This is quite a conservative figure and is readily confirmed by most Bible commentators as well as the Jewish encyclopaedia. In addition to this figure, Exodus 12:38 says that there was also a MULTITUDE of STRANGERS who went out with the Israelites and a large number of herds and flocks:

  “A large number of other people and many sheep, goats, and cattle also went with them.”

It would be a waste of time to speculate just how many strangers there were with them. All we can say with certainty is that there were MANY or a MULTITUDE - as the Hebrew word implies. But we can get a fairly good idea of how many sheep and goats there were with them. Exodus 12 says that the Israelites observed the Passover in the land of Goshen. For their meal they were commanded to use either a lamb or goat [the same Hebrew word is used for both kinds of animals]. The lamb was to be of the 1st year. Allowing liberally ten persons in a family per lamb, the Israelites would have required 300,000 lambs of the 1st year in order to observe their first Passover in Egypt. They would have also required this number of lambs each succeeding year in the wilderness - since the Jewish Pentateuch says that they kept on observing the Passover in the desert. In addition, they would have needed myriads of other animals for all their multiple sacrifices prescribed in the book of Leviticus. For there to be some 300,000 lambs of the 1st year, a flock of about 3,000,000 to 4,000,000 sheep and goats were required. In addition to this the Exodus text says that many BOVINE animals went out with them. We have no way of determining the size of this herd except that it was very large.

The Camping Ground

Did it ever occur to you just how big a space did the Israelites need every time they wanted to set up their camp? The Jewish Pentateuch clearly shows that the Israelites lived in tents and that they erected and dismantled them every time they stopped to lodge. In order to accommodate only for the Israelites you would need some 300,000 tents. Each tent would have to be 5x5 metres

 and would occupy an area of 25m2 - packing ten persons in each tent. Thus

 300,000 tents would cover an area of 7,500,000m2. But I have not allowed a single square metre for walking tracks - the area covered takes into account only 300,000 tents pitched one next to  another. Some space was also required to accommodate the Tabernacle or the Tent of Meeting with an area for the congregation to gather in front of the Tabernacle.

In order to accommodate all the Israelites and the Tabernacle with some


walking tracks an area of some 10,000km2 would be required. But you also must provide an area for the multitude of strangers who were with the Israelites. You also must provide an area for some 3,000,000 to 4,000,000 flocks. If you were to pack two sheep in  a m2 you would need 1,500,000m2 to accommodate 3,000,000 sheep. That is an area of 1500km2. Add to this the multitude of cattle and you will see just how large the camp was. Remember, the altar was situated at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting and the Sanctuary was situated in the midst of the camp. The priests therefore would have had to drag the bullock kilometres away from the altar in order to burn it outside the camp since the camp was situated in the centre [Numbers 2].


There were myriads of other sacrifices the priests had to perform as described in Exodus 29 and the first 7 chapters of Leviticus. Likewise, every woman who gave birth was required to present a lamb for a burnt offering and a pigeon for a sin offering at the end of her purification period. The Jewish Pentateuch says that all those who were 20 and over died in the wilderness except Joshua and Caleb. But since the census in the 40th year shows that the number was basically the same as in the 2nd year - you can imagine how many births there must have been and how many sacrifices the priests would have offered for each woman at the end of her purification period. It is estimated that at least two million died in the desert and therefore there must have been additional two million births to compensate for the loss. These births distributed over the period of 40 years would have resulted in some 300 births per day. The priests would have therefore been required to offer some 300 sacrifices each day for the women who needed their purification rites performed.


This was in addition to all other sin offerings, free will offerings, fellowship offerings, and the daily sacrifices presented each morning and evening. In addition the priests had to burn incense and clean the Holy Place, eat the flesh of the holy offerings in the Holy Place, prepare shewbread and replace it every seventh day. They also had to make special perfumes and myriads of oblations - bread and cakes which accompanied many sacrifices. Just think for a moment. If it took one priest to kill, clean, wash, burn, and sprinkle the blood against the altar just 15 minutes, he could only perform 48 such sacrifices in the space of 12 hours. To accomplish this task in this space of time he could not take even a moment off. But imagine if the priest had to stop his job in order to go to the toilet. He would have to walk more than 50 kilometres each way to relieve himself  for it was commanded that no toilet could be situated with the borders of the camp. The Israelites had to relieve themselves OUTSIDE OF THE CAMP. Therefore it follows that even if there were many priests they could never manage to present all the myriads of sacrifices already described. But the crux of the matter is this: the Jewish Pentateuch clearly says that originally there were only 5 priests in the desert - Aaron and his four sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Shortly after their ordination, Nadab and Abihu were killed. The whole Israelite community was thus left with only two capable priests and their aged father Aaron who was over 80 years old.


Many misinformed people assume that all Levites were priests and that they all had a legitimate right to serve at the altar and present burnt offerings and other Jewish ritual sacrifices. This however was not the case. Most Bible scholars are aware of this fact and they are also aware that no Levite was allowed to serve at the altar or ever enter the Holy Place unless he belonged to the lineage of Aaron, the brother of Moses. The priestly duties were entrusted to Aaron and his four sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. Initially only these five were allowed to burn incense in the Holy Place and to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings at the sacrificial altar which was situated at the entrance of the Tabernacle. After the death of Abihu and Nadab - only Aaron and his two sons Eleazar and Ithamar were allowed access to the altar and the Holy Place. All other Levites were banned from the Holy Place and were forbidden to approach the altar. In fact, all Levites who were not of the lineage of Aaron were forbidden to even look at any holy object which was situated in the Tabernacle. The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible, Vol. 4, on p. 854, gives us the following information on the subject: 

“The priesthood was divided into three groups” (1) the high priest, (2) ordinary priests, and (3) Levites. All three descended from Levi. All priests were Levites, but by no means were all Levites priests…The sons of Aaron, who were set apart for the special office of priest, were above the Levites. Only they could minister at the sacrifices of the altar.”

The Zondervan Pictorial Bible Dictionary on p. 682, says:


“After the establishment of the Aaronic priesthood, it was considered an offense in Israel for anyone not officially consecrated as a priest to offer formal ritual sacrifices. The rebellion of Korah involved intrusion into the priesthood, even though he and his associates were Levites.”

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, on p. 967, gives us this pertinent information:


“The rest of the tribe [of Levi] was subordinate to the Aaronic priests; only the descendants of Aaron could become priests. Even if the rest of the Levite tribe were resident at the place of sacrifice they could not participate in any direct way in the cultic part of the religion. The sacrificial responsibility of ancient Israel was exclusively the right and privilege of the descendants of Aaron.”

These quotations clearly show that biblical scholars are aware that there was a distinction between the priests who served at the sacrificial altar and all other Levites who could not offer sacrifices. Their understanding of course is based on the evidence provided in the Jewish Pentateuch. In Exodus 28 and 29, and Leviticus 8, we find a detailed account of how Aaron and his four sons were selected and anointed as priests. Moses himself performed the ceremony. After their consecration which lasted for seven days Moses commanded Aaron and his sons on the eight day to begin officiating as priests and to begin serving at the altar - killing and offering various sacrifices [Leviticus 9]. Exodus 28:1 explicitly states the following:


“Now take Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister to me as a priest, Aaron and Aaron’s sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.”


Then in Numbers 3:10 we find the following information:


“So you shall appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall attend to their priesthood; but the outsider who comes near shall be put to death.”


Only Aaron and his four sons were appointed priests. Only they had the access to the Holy Place in the Tabernacle and only they could offer sacrifices at the altar at the entrance to the Tabernacle. No other Levite had this right or privilege. In fact, when Korah argued with Moses against Aaronic monopoly Moses condemned him and he was killed. But who was Korah? Korah was the son of IZHAR. Izhar was the son of KOHATH. Kohath was the son of LEVI [For verification of this see Numbers 16: and Exodus 6:21,24]. Korah therefore was a LEVITE but he certainly was not a priest. When Korah argued with Moses this is what Moses replied to him:


“You take too much upon yourselves, you sons of LEVI. Then Moses said to Korah, hear now, you sons of Levi: Is it a small thing to you that the God of Israel has separated you from the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to himself, to do the work of the tabernacle of the LORD, and to stand before the congregation to serve them; and that he has brought you near to himself, you and all your brethren, the sons of LEVI, with you? And are you seeking the priesthood also?” [Numbers 16:7-10].


Korah was a Levite. But he had no right to priesthood. He had no access to the Holy Place and could not even look at the holy objects from the Tabernacle unless they were first covered by the sons of Aaron. In Numbers 3 and 4 we find a detailed account as to what the Levites were appointed to do. Their main task was to carry the Tabernacle and all its utensils. But they had no right to dismantle the Tabernacle and to pack the utensils unless they were FIRST COVERED BY THE SONS OF AARON.  In Numbers 4:15,20 we find this explicit command concerning all the Levites who were not of the Aaronic order:


“And when Aaron and his sons had finished covering the sanctuary and all the furnishings of the sanctuary, when the camp is set to go, then the sons of Kohath shall come to carry them; but they shall not touch any holy things, lest they die. But they shall not go in to watch while the holy things are being covered, lest they die.”


All the descendants of Levi - whether through Gershon, Kohath, or Merari were banned from the Tabernacle and could carry the sacred objects of the Tabernacle only after they were covered by the sons of Aaron who alone acted as priests. Furthermore, all the other Levites could carry out their duties only under a supervision of the sons of Aaron. It is therefore evident that there were only two active priests and their aged father officiating in the desert. Where would these three Aaronic priests - the only ones permitted to officiate at the altar and the Holy Place - find the time to take care of all the myriads of sacrifices described in the Jewish Pentateuch? Where would they find the time to carry the skins of the bullocks outside the camp and to relieve themselves on daily basis - since the camp was basically the size of Sydney, a city in Australia? Where would they find the time to eat all the “holy offerings” in the “Holy Place” and how could the three men eat so much flesh? On a certain occasion Aaron and his sons did not eat the holy flesh of a goat - and Moses was supposedly furious with them. Anyone with an unbiased mind would immediately realise that no such sacrifices could have taken place in the desert and in the camp of that enormous size and under the circumstances and conditions described in the Jewish Pentateuch. It is no wonder that the Almighty denies in Jeremiah 7:22 that He ever instituted or commanded such sacrifices after the Israelites left Egypt:


“I gave your ancestors no commands about burnt offerings or any other kinds of sacrifices when I brought them out of Egypt” [Good News Bible].


 No wonder in Isaiah 1:10-12 the Almighty says:


“Do you think I want all these sacrifices you keep offering to me? I have had more than enough of the sheep you burn as sacrifices and of the fat of your fine animals. I am tired of the blood of bulls and sheep and goats. WHO ASKED YOU TO BRING ME ALL THIS WHEN YOU COME TO WORSHIP ME?” [Good News Bible].

If God commanded the Israelites to offer him burnt offerings and sacrifices then He could never ask “Who asked you to bring me all this [sacrifices] when you come to worship me?” The true prophets rejected the sacrificial cult and would not offer sacrifices. The Psalmist in 40:6 says to God:

“Sacrifice and offering you DID NOT DESIRE…Burnt offering and sin offering you DID NOT REQUIRE.”

The author of this psalm maintains that God neither desired nor required burnt offerings and sacrifices. If the author believed that God instituted the sacrificial cult he could have never made this remark. For Leviticus 7:37-38 clearly says that it was the God who commanded the sacrificial cult:


“These, then, are the regulations for the burnt offerings, the grain offerings, the sin offerings, the repayment offerings, the ordination offerings, and the fellowship offerings. There on MOUNT SINAI in the desert, the LORD GAVE THESE COMMANDS TO MOSES on the day he told the people of Israel to make their offerings” [Good News Bible].

According to this text it was God who gave Moses the commands concerning the sacrificial cult and it was He who there and then commanded the Israelites to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings and myriads of other ritual victims. But we have already seen that this could not have been the case because the three priests were not and could not have been able to take care of all these multiple sacrifices. Christian commentators generally try to explain that the texts of Jeremiah, Isaiah, Psalm 40:6 etc. do not condemn the sacrificial cult per se but rather that God would want the Israelites to offer these sacrifices with clean and pure heart. They argue that God condemned these sacrifices only because they were presented by people who were not right with Him. But their argument cannot be substantiated. If this was the case then God could have never said “Who asked you to bring this [sacrifices] when you come to worship me? Nor could He have flatly denied in Jeremiah 7:22 that He ever gave any commands or ever spoke to the Israelites concerning the sacrificial cult. Nor could have the righteous Psalmist say that the Holy and Infinite One neither desired nor required sacrifices. Now the Prophet Micah was surely a righteous man. As such he should have offered sacrifices and burnt offerings to the Almighty. But he refused to do so. Here is what Micah himself says concerning this: 

“What shall I bring to the LORD, the God of heaven, when I come to worship him? Shall I bring the best calves to burn as offerings to him? Will the LORD be pleased if I bring him thousands of sheep or endless streams of olive oil? Shall I offer him my first born child to pay for my sins? NO! THE LORD HAS TOLD US WHAT IS GOOD. WHAT HE REQUIRES OF US IS THIS: TO DO WHAT IS JUST, TO SHOW CONSTANT LOVE, AND TO LIVE IN HUMBLE FELLOWSHIP WITH OUR GOD” [Micah 6:6-8].


Micah would not bring any burnt offering when he went to worship the eternal Father of Light. Nor would he sacrifice his firstborn as did other Israelites who murdered THOUSANDS of their FIRSTBORN CHILDREN in SACRIFICE TO YAHWEH. It is therefore evident that if you accept the fact that there were millions of Israelites in the desert and all those passages which are prescribed to regulate the sacrificial cult in the desert, that it was impossible for the three priests to perform all those sacrificial tasks. God Himself said that there are lies in the Mosaic Law - accomplished by the lying pen of the scribes [Jeremiah 8:8] - so why not believe Him?


Comments (3)Add Comment
Vegan is the Way
written by lovemore, January 30, 2012
Originally humans were created as vegans.. actually fruitarian..... Gen1.29.. to the contrary shows that even wild animals were also herbivorous... I think i support your vies expressed herein.... thanks
written by dominick virgilio, November 09, 2012
i have been a christain vegan for 26 iam 62 without realizing it one day while looking at my social security card the first 3#'s you guessed it 129 my house mate who is 88 and senile and who sleeps upstairs' and LOVES TV DINNERS,AND WHEN I TOLD WHAT WAS GOUNG TO HAPPEN TO HIM IF HE CONTINUED TO EAT THEM, LIKE FALLING DOWN THE STARIRS HE JUST LOOK AT ME LIKE IWORRY ABOUT WHEN IT HAPPENS, AND WE ARE NOT A STIFF NECKED GENERATION CHILDREN OF NO "FAITH" GOD BLESS US!
written by Mr C, September 24, 2018
Good mathematical approach to showing your point.
I think this fits with the documentary hypothesis. What we have today is probably a redacted history. Micah 6:8 is a good rule to live by. Do what is just, love mercy, walk humbly.

Ecclesiastes 5:1 says those who sacrifice do evil, and at the end of the book he says just fear God and keep his commandments. Seems the auther knew which were the legitimate commandments and which were not. Whatever is injust is not from God.

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 11 April 2018 11:00