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Did God Allow Noah To Eat Meat?

The passage of Genesis 9:2-4 was the subject of great debate and controversy. After years of study and research and virtually leaving no stone unturned on the subject, to date I have not read a commentary on the passage which is worthy of a serious consideration. Generally it is argued that here we have the first biblical passage where God explicitly told Noah that he may kill any animal he wanted to in order to eat its flesh. Even vegetarians who abhor meat eating and who practice vegetarianism on ethical grounds admit that here we are faced with a biblical text which clearly sanctions the killing of animals and eating of their flesh. All they can say is that due to the fallen and corrupt nature of humanity God gave a “concession” concerning meat diet but it was not His ideal as in Genesis 1:30 where God ideally prescribed a completely vegetarian diet. But nothing can be further from the truth.

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Did Jesus Eat Fish?

 There is only one passage in the whole of the New Testament where it is explicitly and specifically said that Jesus actually ate meat. If this text is true and genuine and in fact inspired by the Holy Spirit, then it would follow that Jesus was not and could not have been a vegetarian. But if on the other hand it can be satisfactorily demonstrated that this passage in Luke 24 is actually a forgery, then it follows that Jesus must have been a vegetarian, since a lying hand felt a need to insert a lying passage in order to portray Jesus as a carnivorous being.

THE PATRIARCHAL TOMB IN HEBRON OR SHECHEM - Jewish vs The Samaritan View PDF Print E-mail
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Saturday, 20 July 2013 02:09


The Jews maintain that Abraham established the FAMILY TOMB in HEBRON their ancient and original capital, where even David initially ruled. They claim that Abraham, Isaac, and Israel [Jacob] were buried in this family tomb in Hebron. The Samaritans on the other hand reject this claim and they insist that the FAMILY TOMB was actually in SHECHEM and that all three patriarchs and also the sons of Israel were actually buried in SHECHEM. The Jews claim that the family tomb was in Hebron because they believe that Judah was chosen and therefore the chosen place and the most important family tomb of the patriarchs must be located in Hebron. The Samaritans on the other hand argue that Joseph was chosen and that the family tomb of the patriarchs therefore must be in Shechem. Who is right?  The Jewish Masoretic Text supports the Jewish view. The King James Bible which is based on the Masoretic Text also  shows that Abraham, Isaac, and Israel were actually buried in Machpelah Cave, near Hebron. Genesis 21 shows that Abraham bought this cave and its field in order to bury his wife Sarah. Genesis 47:27-31 also shows that Israel made his son Joseph promise that he would bury him with his fathers in Hebron. Genesis 49:29-32 says that Israel later charged all his sons to bury him with his fathers in the Machpelah Cave near Hebron:  

“Then he [Israel] charged them [his twelve sons] and said to them: I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite as a possession for a burial place. There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife, there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah.” 

The text clearly shows that this was a FAMILY TOMB and that it was adjacent to Mamre, near Hebron. Genesis 50:12-14 explicitly states that Joseph and his brothers kept their promise and buried their father in Hebron:  

“So his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, before Mamre, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite as property for a burial place. And after he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers and all who went up with him to bury his father.”  

The Jewish Masoretic Text and therefore the official Jewish Pentateuch on which almost all Christian Old Testaments are based maintains that Israel [Jacob] was buried in the family tomb and that this family tomb was actually in HEBRON and not SHECHEM. The Masoretic Text only admits that Joseph himself was buried in SEHCHEM. Joshua 24:32 explicitly says that Joseph’s bones were buried by Joshua in SHECHEM:  

“The bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel had brought up out of Egypt, THEY BURIED AT SHECHEM, in the plot of ground which Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of silver and WHICH HAD BECOME AN INHERITANCE OF THE CHILDREN OF JOSEPH.”  

This immediately creates a problem. In those days it was imperative to be buried in the family tomb - the tomb of the fathers. For this reason Isaac was buried with Abraham and  for this reason Israel insisted that Joseph and his brothers bury him in the family tomb. Why then should Joseph be buried elsewhere and not the family tomb where all his fathers and relatives were buried? The Samaritans of course argued that the Jews falsified their Pentateuch and they argued all along that the family tomb was in fact situated in SHECHEM and that is why Joseph was also buried in Shechem. But why should you rely on the Samaritans and their version of history against the version of the Jews preserved in the Masoretic Text? Because, as a Christian, you are obligated to believe and accept the New Testament as authentic and inspired. And you should know that whenever the New Testament diverges from the Jewish tradition preserved in the Masoretic Text it actually agrees with the Samaritan Pentateuch. Please note what Easton’s Bible Dictionary, art. Samaritan Pentateuch, has to say on the subject:  

“There are important differences between the Hebrew and the Samaritan copies of the Pentateuch in the readings of many sentences. In about two thousand instances in which the Samaritan and the Jewish texts differ, the LXX agrees with the former. The New Testament also, when quoting from the Old Testament, AGREES AS A RULE WITH THE SAMARITAN TEXT, WHERE THAT DIFFERS FROM THE JEWISH.”  

There are different passages that I could turn to and clearly demonstrate that the New Testament authors reject the Jewish tradition when it conflicts with that of the Samaritan Pentateuch. But in here I will refer only to those which are relevant to our study and which are attributed to a man who was reputed to have been full of the Holy Spirit and a man who performed many great miracles. The man is Stephen who was condemned by the Jewish Sanhedrin and was brutally murdered by the Jews for his beliefs and for his critical view of the Jewish religion. Stephen’s defence speech before the Jewish Sanhedrin contains several crucial divergences from the traditional Jewish Masoretic Text which actually agree and support the Samaritan version of history. Stephen began his discourse with Abraham. According to Stephen, God appeared to Abraham in Mesopotamia and not Haran - as the Jewish Masoretic Text says. Please note Acts 7:2-4:  

“Stephen answered, Brothers and fathers, listen to me! Before our ancestor Abraham had gone to live in Haran, the God of glory appeared to him in MESOPOTAMIA and said to him, Leave your family and country and go to the land that I will show you.”  

As soon as Stephen began his discourse he deviated from the traditional Masoretic Text of the Jews. According to Stephen, the God of glory appeared to Abraham in Mesopotamia while he was still in his father’s house. God urged him to leave his father’s house and family and go to a land of His bidding. Stephen’s version contradicts the Jewish account in Genesis 11:27-32. There we are told that Abraham’s father Terah on his own initiative took his whole family and departed from Mesopotamia, that is, Ur in Chaldea, in order to settle in the land of Canaan. He however settled in Haran with his whole family. Then Genesis 12 shows that God appeared to Abraham in HARAN. Genesis 11:26 shows that Terah was 70 years old when Abraham was born. Genesis 11:32 says that Terah died at the age of 205. Genesis 12:4 says that Abraham was 75 years old when he left Haran for Canaan. All this data is based on the Jewish Masoretic Text. Since according to the Jewish version Terah was 70 when Abraham was born and since Abraham left Haran when he was 75 years old, it follows then that Terah would have been 145 when Abraham departed from Haran. Since Terah died at the age of 205 according to the Jewish version, this then means that Terah continued to live another 60 years after Abraham departed from Haran.  

Stephen however said that Abraham left Haran AFTER HIS FATHER’S DEATH. Stephen clearly based himself on the version of the Samaritan Pentateuch where the Genesis account has Terah dying at the age of 145.    Stephen clearly shows that Abraham left his father and the rest of the relatives in Chaldea [Mesopotamia] and with his immediate family left for HARAN:  

“Then he [Abraham] came out of the land of the Chaldeans and dwelt in Haran. And from there, WHEN HIS FATHER WAS DEAD, he moved him to this land in which you now dwell” [verse 4].  

According to Stephen therefore it is simply not true that Terah migrated with his whole family to Haran. It was Abraham who did so in accordance with God’s bid to do so. It is also not true that Terah died at the age of 205 as the Masoretic Text says. Stephen clearly based himself on the version of the Samaritan Pentateuch and not on the Jewish version of history. When Stephen spoke of the burning bush and the words which God spoke to Moses, he actually quotes the Samaritan and not the Jewish text. He has God say “I am the God of your fathers” in PLURAL as is the case in the Samaritan version and not singular as the Jewish tradition preserves it in the Masoretic Text. But we are especially interested what did this man who is described as “full of the Holy Spirit” and “whose wise spirit the Jews could not resist” had to say concerning the FAMILY TOMB and what did he have to say concerning the BURIAL OF ISRAEL AND HIS SONS. In Acts 7:15-16 Stephen says:  

“Then Jacob went to Egypt, WHERE HE AND HIS SONS DIED. THEIR BODIES WERE TAKEN TO SHECHEM, where they were buried in the grave which Abraham had bought from the clan of Hamor for a sum of money.”  

The Living Bible reads:

 “So Jacob came to Egypt, where he died, and all his sons. ALL OF THEM WERE TAKEN TO SHECHEM AND BURIED in the tomb Abraham bought from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father.”  

The Aramaic Peshitta, translated by Dr. George Lamsa reads:  

“So Jacob went down to Egypt where he and our forefathers died. And he was removed to SHECHEM and buried in the sepulchre which Abraham had bought for a sum of money from the sons of Hamor.”  

Stephen flatly contradicted the Jewish account and the version of their Pentateuch which has the family tomb in Hebron. Stephen agreed with the Samaritan version and tradition which maintained all along that the family tomb was in SHECHEM and that is where ISRAEL and ALL HIS SONS WERE BURIED. It is only logical that this version is correct, since Moses himself spoke of  SHECHEM as the chosen place and not Hebron or Jerusalem. Joseph received the BIRTHRIGHT and he was to be the MOST IMPORTANT AMONG HIS BROTHERS and NOT JUDAH - as the later Jewish redactors claimed. [Whether Joseph or Judah was chosen and whether Shechem or Jerusalem was chosen read my article 'The Two Rivals: Ephraim and Judah]. Biblical scholars generally are aware of the fact that Stephen based his speech on the Samaritan version of history and some even have enough courage to plainly admit this fact. Gordon Moyes in his book Discovering The Young Church on pp. 53-55 has this pertinent information concerning Stephen and his background:  

“South of Galilee, in Samaria, there was also constant dispute with the Jews of Jerusalem and the Hellenistic Jews from Galilee. They had their own traditions that VARIED from those in Jerusalem…There were some Christians among them. These Samaritan Christians played an important, though often unrecognised, part in the history of the first century church. Dr. Abram Spiro has argued cogently that STEPHEN WAS A SAMARITAN CHRISTIAN. He presents fourteen scholarly arguments to support his view. His views are compelling, indicating how Stephen REFLECTS THE SAMARITAN VIEW OF THE OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY: the inferior place of Moses, the exaltation of Abraham and HIS USE OF THE SAMARITAN VERSION OF THE LAW. The use of the Samaritan text variations WAS FOLLOWED BY STEPHEN IN MORE THAN A SCORE OF INSTANCES, SOME OF THEM VERY SIGNIFICANT DIVERSIONS. The Samaritan text features the addition of particles and prepositions designed to make for smoother reading, the inclusion of expansions sometimes several paragraphs in length to help elaborate or explain a point AND BABYLONIAN TRADITIONS WHICH SUPPORT SAMARITAN HISTORICAL VIEWPOINTS. SOME OF THESE ARE MENTIONED BY STEPHEN. For example, Stephen consistently quotes Abraham as leaving Haran upon his father’s death WHICH IS A SAMARITAN VIEWPOINT OF HISTORY which had old Terah living until he was 145 years of age. However, THE JEWS QUOTED FROM THEIR MASORETIC TEXT, USED BY CHRISTIANS, WHICH INDICATES THAT TERAH LIVED FOR 205 YEARS, NOT DYING UNTIL SIXTY YEARS AFTER ABRAHAM LEFT HARAN. Stephen quotes the words of Moses, I am the God of your FATHERS, using the PLURAL of the SAMARITAN TEXT instead of the SINGULAR AS WAS FOUND IN THE MASORETIC TEXT. The Samaritan claimed MT GERIZIM and the nearby SHECHEM as the TRUE PLACE OF WORSHIP and HERE A RIVAL TEMPLE TO THAT OF JERUSAELM WAS CONSTRUCTED. Stephen  TWICE MENTIONS SHECHEM AND THE TOMB THERE OWNED BY ABRAHAM AND THEIR BELIEF THAT ABRAHAM WAS BURIED THERE AND NOT, AS THE JEWS BELIEVED, IN MACHPELAH. This of course was AN INSULT TO THE JEWS and a key point of dispute. Shechem was the place where God appeared to Abraham, where he built an altar and, IN THEIR VIEW, THE CORRECT PLACE - HOLY PLACE - FOR A SHRINE. Stephen went further in his address indicating that SOLOMON’S TEMPLE WAS NOT ONLY IN THE WRONG PLACE, BUT WAS OF HUMAN ORIGIN. When Stephen quoted the scriptures: What kind of house will you build for me? Where is the place for me to live in? Did not I myself make all these things? HE WAS QUOTING FROM THE SAMARITAN SOURCE WHICH MAKES THREE QUESTIONS AND CHANGES THE CONTEXT OF THE JEWISH TEXT. Even the quoting of these changed verses would have brought the ire of the Jews upon him. A further insight into Stephen’s SAMARITAN BACKGROUND is the way he quotes God dealing personally with Abraham, whereas he claims God dealt with Moses ONLY THROUGH AN ANGEL in the giving of the Law. This shows the superiority of Abraham over Moses, BUT IT IS IN DIRECT CONFLICT WITH THE JEWISH TRADITION. THERE IS STRONG EVIDENCE, THEREFORE, FOR STEPHEN’S SAMARITAN ORIGIN.”  

Only when you realise all these facts can you really understand why the Jewish religious court could not even listen to the INSULTING WORDS OF STEPHEN. Only then do you realise why in such a hurry they dragged him outside of the city and then STONED HIM TO DEATH. Acts 6:8-10 says that Stephen was full of the Holy Spirit and that he performed great wonders and miracles. It also says that the Jews vigorously argued with him but that they could not withstand the wisdom of Stephen which came from the Holy Spirit nor could they refute his views. Since Stephen was FULL OF THE HOLY SPIRIT and since the Jews could not PROVE HIS VIEWS WRONG then we can be sure that his view of history was CORRECT and that of the Jews WRONG.  

Comments (1)Add Comment
written by ari, April 19, 2014
they were buried in hebron but hebron was not in the south. It was in the north. Most probably Tzfat. Mount Meron is the real shechem.

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Last Updated on Saturday, 20 July 2013 02:21