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Did God Allow Noah To Eat Meat?

The passage of Genesis 9:2-4 was the subject of great debate and controversy. After years of study and research and virtually leaving no stone unturned on the subject, to date I have not read a commentary on the passage which is worthy of a serious consideration. Generally it is argued that here we have the first biblical passage where God explicitly told Noah that he may kill any animal he wanted to in order to eat its flesh. Even vegetarians who abhor meat eating and who practice vegetarianism on ethical grounds admit that here we are faced with a biblical text which clearly sanctions the killing of animals and eating of their flesh. All they can say is that due to the fallen and corrupt nature of humanity God gave a “concession” concerning meat diet but it was not His ideal as in Genesis 1:30 where God ideally prescribed a completely vegetarian diet. But nothing can be further from the truth.

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Did Jesus Eat Fish?

 There is only one passage in the whole of the New Testament where it is explicitly and specifically said that Jesus actually ate meat. If this text is true and genuine and in fact inspired by the Holy Spirit, then it would follow that Jesus was not and could not have been a vegetarian. But if on the other hand it can be satisfactorily demonstrated that this passage in Luke 24 is actually a forgery, then it follows that Jesus must have been a vegetarian, since a lying hand felt a need to insert a lying passage in order to portray Jesus as a carnivorous being.

Elijah Was A Gentile PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Sunday, 03 May 2009 08:12




Elijah was an outstanding prophet whose brief biography is given in the Hebrew Scriptures. His ministry was restricted to the Northern Kingdom, also called Samaria or simply, The House of Israel. He performed great miracles. Among other things he revived a dead boy and withheld rain for three years. His courage was great. Although alone, he confronted King Ahab and his Queen - condemning their wicked practices and the worship of Baal. Yet despite of his great achievements he was only a mortal man just like we. James reminds us of this fact in order to encourage us to do the works of Elijah. After successfully finishing his career he mounted on the wings of a fiery chariot and was taken up to heaven. God later promised to send him back in order to prepare the way for the Messiah. His spirit and his power was manifested in John the Baptist. 


His importance is also evident from the fact that he, along with Moses, appeared to Jesus on Mount Tabor during his transfiguration. Undoubtedly Elijah was an outstanding figure and a mighty prophet. But who was he? Where was he born? Very few people ever realise that Elijah was not a Jew nor an Israelite. Elijah was a “goy” - commonly translated “gentile.” It is virtually impossible to determine his exact “nationality” but it is indisputable that he was not a Jew or an Israelite. Some scholars believe that he was an Ishmaelite while others maintain that he was a    Kenite.    Both     “nationalities” dominated in Gilead, that is, Transjordan. In this article it is not my intention to write about his “nationality” and the place of origin but merely to demonstrate that Elijah was not a Jew nor an Israelite and therefore show that God did not deal only with the Jews - as commonly supposed - but that He also used "gentiles” to fulfil His great purpose. It is not surprising that most people are ignorant of the fact that Elijah was a stranger, sojourner, alien, or foreigner from the land of Gilead, since most English Bibles have obscured this truth by either fully omitting the Hebrew word towshab or they have erroneously translated it as inhabitant. Elijah was introduced very abruptly in 1 Kings 17:1 without any genealogical record. We are usually told the name of the father of the other prophets in the Bible but not so with Elijah. As if there was something to hide.1 Kings 17:1 [King James Bible] says: 

“And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.” 


This text tells us that Elijah was a TISHBITE - either designating his place of habitat or his familial ancestry. There is no consensus among the biblical scholars as to who Elijah was. Many however believe that he was a foreigner or stranger who resided in Gilead. But most modern versions have completely obscured this fact by failing to translate the Hebrew word towshab. The translators of the King James Bible have opted to render this word inhabitants although they have not done so in any other text of the Old Testament. The words inhabit, inhabitant, inhabitants, inhabited, inhabiters, inhabitest, inhabiteth, inhabiting do occur in the King James Bible. Some of them more than once. None of them are translated from the Hebrew word towshab except in 1 Kings 17:1 - in relation to Elijah the Tishbite. On other occasions this word was correctly translated sojourner, stranger, foreigner. In Numbers 35:15 the word towshab was translated sojourner: 

“These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger, and for the sojourner among them.” 


The sojourners were distinguished from the children of Israel and therefore the word sojourner denotes someone who was other than a Jew or an Israelite. The sojourner was a foreigner or stranger. This is the implication in every text the word towshab appears in the King James Bible. But the same Hebrew word was also translated stranger in Leviticus 25:6: 

“And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee.” 


In Exodus 12:45 the Hebrew word towshab was translated foreigner in the King James Bible: 

“A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.”


The word towshab in 1 Kings 17:1 should have been translated stranger, foreigner or sojourner. Elijah therefore was not a Jew nor an Israelite but rather a stranger, foreigner, alien, sojourner. Before I refer to Hebrew lexicons and dictionaries for the precise definition of the Hebrew word towshab I want to first of all point out certain references and commentaries in relation to 1 Kings 17:1. In the Commentary On The Whole Bible on p. 263, Christian biblical scholars Jamieson, Faussest and Brown say in relation to 1 Kings 17:1 the following: 

who was of the inhabitants - or residents of Gilead, implying that he was not an Israelite, but an Ishmaelite, as MICHAELIS conjectures, for there were many of that race on the confines of Gilead. The employment of a Gentile as an extraordinary minister might be to rebuke and shame the apostate people of Israel.” 


These Christian scholars admit that the text implies that Elijah was not an Israelite but rather a “Gentile.” They however try to downplay the significance of this. The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible on p. 756, art. Tishbite gives us this significant information: 

“The KJV translates 1 Kings 17:1 as “Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead…” which is also often rendered “…of the sojourners of Gilead…” The Heb. toshabe [towshab] seems to refer to a category or class of people who are alien residents, but have been accepted as permanent settlers.” 


Elijah the Tishbite was an alien resident of Gilead. Now I want you to carefully note how actually the linguistic experts define the Hebrew word towshab. William Wilson in New Wilson’s Old Testament Word Studies on p. 422, number #8453 says of towshab: 

“a sojourner, i.e. a proselyte of the gate that was allowed to dwell among the Israelites.” 


The word proselyte comes from Latin proselytus which comes from Greek proselytos and means stranger, religious convert [See Collier’s Dictionary, p. 804]. James Strong in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary, word number #8453 defines the word towshab as resident alien. F. Brown, S. Driver, and C. Briggs - all three Christian scholars - in The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon on p. 444, word number #8453 say: 


“sojourner; apparently of a more temporary and dependent kind; one enjoying only a temporary tenure.” 


And finally please note the definition of the Hebrew word towshab used in 1 Kings 17:1 in relation to Elijah as defined by great scholar and Hebrew expert H.W.F. Gesenius in Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament: 


“a stranger, an emigrant, sojourning in a strange country, where he is not naturalized.” 


Whether you like it or not, the evidence overwhelmingly shows that Elijah the Tishbite was not a Jew or an Israelite but rather a stranger, foreigner, alien and a sojourner in the Northern Kingdom. As an alien and a foreigner Elijah was not given refuge among the Israelites but God instructed him to go to a foreign country and live in Sidon with a certain widow.  Elijah apparently did not care much for the Southern Kingdom [Judah] or Jerusalem. We have no evidence that he ever visited Jerusalem and worshipped in the Temple Solomon erected on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. On the contrary, we have biblical evidence that Elijah did not agree with the interpretation of the Judahite legislator that Jerusalem alone and its Temple was the legitimate place where alone an altar could be erected and where all the tribes of Israel were expected to worship. Elijah apparently believed [as did the Ten Tribes] that altars to God could be erected in various places.  Elijah charged the Israelites of breaking down God’s ALTARS.


Elijah did not believe that there was only one ALTAR in the Temple of Jerusalem - as did the Jews - but he believed that there were ALTARS - plural. Besides, when he wanted to present an offering [bloodless] to God he did not go to the Temple in Jerusalem - as the Jewish legislator commanded all the tribes to do - but he simply REPAIRED the broken down altar on the high place of Mount Carmel. This positively proves that Elijah did not believe in nor did he adhere to the Jewish interpretation of the Law. In this article my main purpose was to simply demonstrate that Elijah the Tishbite was not a Jew or an Israelite but rather a foreigner who attached himself to God. The issue of sacrifice and the legitimate place of worship is dealt with elsewhere in my literature.          

Comments (10)Add Comment
written by Doug Fritts, September 23, 2011
Who authored this article? From the research I have done, I agree with the article he wrote. I would like to know the name of this Bible scholar.
written by John Vujicic, September 25, 2011
All the articles on this Web site, including this one, were written by the Administrator. I am not a scholar however.
Very Interesting
written by Robin Jones, May 15, 2012
Thanks for this very informative and interesting article. Elijah - a gentile preaching to the gentiles. Maybe throws a different light on the transfiguration and 2 witnesses in Revelation.
Good Research!
written by Bill Jahn, July 06, 2012
I was questioning, "Was Elijah a gentile?" and found this well written and researched article. So now that this issue is settled the greater lesson is, Why? If the old testament "foreshadows" the new testament then what is our new testament lesson? By the way, Caleb was also a gentile. Jesus met with Moses and Elijah on the mount of transfiguration, why these two? Does this give us any clues as to who the two witnesses will be in Revelations 11 and who the two olive trees/ annointed ones are in Zechariah 4?
written by John Diomitron, February 27, 2013

Isaiah 49:1 (NKJV) - “Listen, O coastlands, to Me, And take heed, you peoples from afar! The LORD has called Me from the womb; From the matrix of My mother He has made mention of My name.”

Definition of “matrix“ -

1. Arrangement of connected things: an arrangement of parts that shows how they are interconnected

2. Substance containing something: a substance in which something is embedded or enclosed

3. Situation in which something develops: a situation or set of circumstances that allows or encourages the origin, development, or growth of something


Elizabeth e-lizabe-th, el(i)-za-beth as a girl’s name is pronounced “ee-LIZ-a-beth”.

John jo-hn as a boy’s name is pronounced “jahn”.

Elijah e-li-jah as a boy’s name is pronounced “ee-LYE-jah”.


ELI (first three letters of Elizabeth the mother pronounced “ee-LYE“)
JOH (first three letters of John the son pronounced “jah”)
ELIJAH (the spirit pronounced “ee-LYE-jah”)

Why do you think the angel Gabriel told Zacharias that he and Elizabeth were to name their son John when no one else in their family had that name (read Luke 1)? A mystery to be revealed by he who comes later to reveal it...JOHN

Isaiah 49:6 (NKJV) - "Indeed He says, ‘It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant
To raise up the tribes of Jacob, And to restore the preserved ones of Israel; I will also give You as a light to the Gentiles, That You should be My salvation to the ends of the earth.’”

Malachi 4:4-5 (NKJV) - “Remember the Law of Moses, My servant, Which I commanded him in Horeb for all Israel, With the statutes and judgments. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet Before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.

Matthew 17:1-3 (NKJV) - "Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him."

Matthew 17:11 (NKJV) - "Jesus answered and said to them, “Indeed, Elijah is coming first and will restore all things."


Who is the Isaiah 49 Servant and the Prophet like Moses? ELIJAH!


From Wikipedia - If the name Zerubbabel is Hebrew, it may be a contraction of Zərua‘ Bāvel meaning "the one sown of Babylon", and referring to a child conceived and born in Babylon; or perhaps even, Zərûy Bāvel meaning "the winnowed of Babylon", in the sense of being exiled in Babylon.

Zechariah 4:10 (NKJV) - "For who has despised the day of small things? For these seven rejoice to see The plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel. They are the eyes of the Lord, Which scan to and fro throughout the whole earth.”

Elijah comes to pronounce judgment on Babylon the Great, to gather the remnant of God's people, to take them to Jerusalem to build the temple, to restore the branch of Israel back to the olive tree, and to prepare the way for Him who sent him...AS A SIGN THAT THE LORD HAS PURPOSED IT AND HAS SENT HIM!

THE MYSTERIES OF GOD! The mysteries of God are more precious than all the treasures of the earth! Search Him with all your heart, and you shall find His heavenly treasures!


God Bless,

written by Manoj Daniel, March 31, 2016
awesome work brother!
So you see what many cant grasp
written by Eli, June 25, 2016
when you see storms and quakes as we see now..the prophet comes like the storms and is hidden by the hand of God the father..watch for him as the stones are removed from the road..
Solomon law
written by Mary Hall Alexander, August 20, 2016
I am making a conection with Gods order of things Joshua and Celeb a Jew and a gentile entering into the promise land as one new man neither Jew nor greek
And the two witnesses Elijah and Enoch I too believe Elijah was a gentile converted at the end of the age entering in to the kingdom reign as it is in the beginning so shall it be at the end if you want to know the end look at the begining and vise versa
Loved your study it brought more revalation thank you
A good revelation from Almighty God
written by A minister of God, October 26, 2016
Excellent!!!.Glory be to the God who created the heavens and earth.
A Gentile as God's Prophet?
written by steven ho, October 14, 2017
Why did God use a gentile to bring Israel back to Him and can a gentile be a prophet of God?

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Last Updated on Saturday, 16 February 2013 09:31